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Benefits of Positive Emotions

If you like this article:

Emotions Have Evolutionary Value

We know that negative emotions have an evolutionary value. For the most part, negative emotions are associated with some kind of experience – fear, loss, and attack – that signals the activation of our flight or fight response. When we experience negative emotions we have a feeling of aversion, which acts to activate and set us in motion to identify what is wrong and eliminate it. Negative emotions are related to behaviors and actions that are associated with a sensory alert that activates us to focus on "fight, flight or conserve."

Positive emotions also have an evolutionary advantage. They "broaden and build." Experiencing positive emotions increases our survival chances because positive emotions broaden our intellectual, physical, and social resources and build reserves for us to draw upon.

The presence of positive emotions increases our drive for exploration and discovery and provides the basis for positive social interactions. When we experience positive emotions, we become more tolerant, expansive, and creative. The more positive emotion we experience the more open to new ideas and new experiences we become.

Negative emotions narrow a person’s perspective to deal only with the immediate threat. When negative emotions are experienced, our flight or fight response is activated and we withdraw, freeze, or protect. In contrast, when we experience positive emotions, we feel safe and engage in active, playful exploration, and discovery. Negative emotions contract and positive emotions expand.

Positive emotions form the experiential foundation for mentally healthy people. Positive emotions provide a foundation for growth and exploration and build the intellectual, social and physical capital for further growth and development.

When we experience negative emotions, they tell us to focus on what is wrong and eliminate it. When we experience positive emotions, however, we start looking for the virtues of what is happening. We become constructive, generous, un-defensive, and open to seeing possibilities.

Experiencing positive emotions makes available to us an entirely different way of thinking from a negative mood. A negative mood helps us detect threats in our environment and focus our attention on protection. A positive mood moves us into growth and development, exploration and discovery.

The Three Principles of Positive Emotions

1. Positive Emotions Build Resources and Capital for the Future

The first principle of positive emotion is that positive emotions build the resources and capital that will become the basis for growth and development in years to come. When positive emotions are experienced we will reach outward and broaden our resources by exploration and discovery. In the presence of positive emotions, we are more creative, think quicker, and do not succumb to premature closure or other forms of superficial intellectual processing

Depressed people experience what is called a "downward spiral" of negative emotions. Depressed emotions call forth negative memories that feed more negative thoughts, that feed more negative memories, that feed more depressed emotions. Breaking this downward spiral is crucial to stopping the depression.

Psychologists have found what they call an upward spiral of positive emotion. Positive emotions produce a different way of thinking and acting. The thinking becomes creative and broad-minded, and the actions become adventurous and exploratory. This increased creativity and exploration results in greater expansion.

As positive emotions produce expansion, more successful interactions in the environment produce more useful information about the environment and a sense of greater mastery. These successful interactions in the environment and the greater sense of mastery result in the generation of more positive emotions. These increased positive emotions result in more exploration, creativity and discovery in even more areas of life as the sense of mastery from the successful interactions ripples outward.

2. Positive Emotions Create an Upward Spiral

This upward and outward spiral of positive emotions leads to the second principle of positive emotions: Augment positive emotions in your life and start an upward and outward spiral of even more positive emotions and thus more exploration, discovery, creativity, and insightful thinking and more success and mastery in life.

3. Positive Emotions are Important

The third principle of positive emotions is that positive emotions need to be taken as seriously as negative emotions. Often negative emotions are taken more seriously because they have been believed to be the evolutionary backbone of human motivation. It was believed that people are motivated primarily to avoid experiencing negative emotions and that positive motivation was merely superficial.

Positive emotions are just as real, authentic and important as negative emotions and equally important for evolutionary development, growth, and success in the world.

Positive Emotions Are Associated with More Successful Interactions in the World

Experiencing positive emotions brings more successful interactions with the world. Developing the art and skill of experiencing more positive emotions will build more friendships, stronger love, better physical health, and more mastery and successful interactions in the world. Growth, positive development, and creative and successful interactions in the world (i.e. mental health) may have their foundations in the experience of positive emotions.

Happy People Are More Effective and Successful in the World

Happy people view themselves as more successful in the world. Happy people think that they have more skill than others think they do. Happy people remember more good events than actually happened and forget more of the bad events that happened Happy people see success as lasting, personal and pervasive and failure as impersonal, temporary and specific.

Happy people may lose a bit of realism but this does not lock them into ineffective functioning. Happy people are more likely to switch tactics when involved in a task that appears to be failing In the normal course of events, happy people rely on their tried and true positive past experiences while less happy people are more skeptical. However, when events are threatening, happy people, more readily than less happy people, switch tactics and adopt a skeptical and analytical frame of mind. Happy people seem to deal better with adversity.

Happier people are markedly more satisfied with their jobs than less happy people. More happiness actually causes more productivity and results in higher income. Happiness also makes gainful employment and higher income more likely. Adults and children who are put in a good mood select higher goals, perform better, and persist longer on a variety of laboratory tasks, such as solving anagrams.

Happy People Are Healthier

Positive emotions result in better physical health. Happy people spend more time playing. Playing has distinct survival benefits and is associated with greater creativity, muscle, and cardiovascular fitness. Positive emotions also predict health and longevity and protect people from the wear and tear of aging. Positive emotions strongly predict who lives longer, who dies earlier and who will become disabled. Happy people seek out and make use of more health risk information. Happy people have better health habits, lower blood pressure, and stronger immune systems than less happy people. They endure pain better and take more health and safety precautions when threatened. Positive emotions are a "prolonger of life and improver of health."

Happy People Are More Connected With Others

The expression of positive emotions results in more secure relationships. Very happy people differ markedly from average people and from unhappy people in one principle way - a rich and fulfilling social life. Happy people have more close and casual friends, are more likely to be married, and are more involved in group activities than unhappy people. Happy people are also more altruistic. When we are in a good mood we are less focused on ourselves, we like others more and we want to be kinder and share our good fortune more with others. However, when we are experiencing negative emotions we become distrustful, turn inward and become defensive about our own needs.

Focusing on Positive Emotions

Positive emotions undo negative emotions and reduce the negative physical and psychological stresses of negative experiences. Negative emotions tell you that you are facing a win-loss encounter and need to take steps to engage with the obstacles. Positive emotions tell you that you are in a potential win-win situation. Positive emotions guide you to be more expansive, tolerant, and creative so that you can maximize the social, intellectual, and physical benefits of the situation.

It is important to generate and build the experience of positive affective states rather than simply extinguishing negative emotions. Positive affective states become the fuel and the raw material for experiencing more growth and development, more exploration and discovery, more mastery and successful interactions in the world, and building, developing, using and leveraging our strengths.

You can dedicate this month to recognizing the importance of building a core motion towards happiness. You will broaden, build and become more successful in your world (whatever success means for you). Seek to align yourself with the wisdom expressed by the Dali Lama -

"I believe that the very purpose of our life is to seek happiness.
That is clear.
Whether one believes in religion or not, whether one believes in this religion or that religion, we are all seeking something better in life.
So I think, the very motion of our life is towards happiness" --Dali Lama

Are You Experiencing Positive Emotions?

  • Do you begin and end each day feeling excited and grateful?
  • Do you experience moments of pleasure throughout the day?
  • Do you experience gratification in the life you live and the work you are doing?
  • Is it easy for you to write down 5 things you appreciate about your day?
  • Do you feel like you are "in flow" for some parts of every day?
  • Do you believe that the "very motion of your life is towards happiness"?

If you answered "no" to any of the above, take steps to develop more positive emotions in your life.

Contact me to discuss coaching and consulting options for living a happier life. I can design an individual program aimed at leveraging your resources for bringing more positive emotions into your life and coach you in the program's implementation. Schedule a service appointment to pinpoint positive emotions that need buffing up. Learn what are your biggest obstacles to increasing your positive emotions and what resources you can leverage to experience more positive emotions. Call 434-263-4669 or e-mail now.

Related Information:

Mood & Energy Management

Top 10 Ways to Generate More
Positive Emotions in Your Life

Love Yourself, Love Your Life

Lead with Your Strengths

Discovering and Nourishing Your Personal Strengths


© Copyright 1997 - 2008 by Mary Ann Copson and Evenstar. All rights reserved.

About the Author:
Mary Ann Copson is the founder of the Evenstar Mood & Energy Wellness Center for Women. With Master's Degrees in Human Development and Psychology and Counseling, Mary Ann is a Certified Licensed Nutritionist; Certified Holistic Health Practitioner; Brain Chemistry Profile Clinician; and a Health, Wellness and Lifestyle Coach. Reconnect to your physical, emotional, mental, psychological and spiritual natural rhythms at

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